Paediatric Dermatology

Pediatric dermatology is a specialised branch of dermatology that focuses on diagnosing and treating skin conditions in infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatric dermatologists have specialized training in the unique dermatological needs of children, including conditions that are specific to certain age groups.

Pediatric dermatologists work closely with other healthcare providers to provide comprehensive care for their patients, using diagnostic tools such as physical exams, skin biopsies, and imaging studies.

Common Skin Conditions in Children

Common skin conditions in children include:

  • Eczema: A chronic skin condition that causes itchy, dry, and inflamed patches on the skin. It is common in infants and young children.
  • Acne: A skin condition that causes pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. It is most common in teenagers.
  • Warts: Small growths caused by a virus that can appear anywhere on the body.
  • Birthmarks: Pigmented or vascular skin lesions that are present at birth or appear soon after.
  • Diaper Rash: A common rash that occurs in the diaper area of infants and young children.

You should consult a doctor to provide comprehensive care for their patients, and prevention is also an important aspect of pediatric dermatology.

What causes Pediatric dermatology conditions?

The causes of Pediatric dermatological conditions vary depending on the specific condition. Some common causes of Pediatric skin conditions include:

  • Genetics: Many pediatric skin conditions have a genetic component, meaning they are inherited from one or both parents.
  • Allergies: Allergic reactions to foods, medications, or other substances can cause a wide range of skin conditions in children.
  • Infections: Bacterial, viral, and fungal infections can all cause skin conditions in children.
  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during puberty can cause acne in teenagers.
  • Environmental factors: Exposure to irritants, such as certain fabrics or chemicals, or extreme temperatures can cause skin conditions.

It is important to consult with a pediatric dermatologist to properly diagnose and treat any skin conditions in children, as treatment options may vary depending on the cause and severity of the condition.

When to consult a doctor

It is important to consult a pediatric dermatologist if your child has any persistent or concerning skin symptoms, such as:

  • Allergic reactions: Allergic reactions to medications, foods, or other substances that cause skin symptoms.
  • Autoimmune disorders: Symptoms of autoimmune disorders that affect the skin, such as lupus or scleroderma.
  • Hair and nail problems: Hair and nail problems, such as hair loss, nail discolouration, or nail separation from the nail bed.

If you notice any of these symptoms or have concerns about your child's skin, it is important to consult with a Pediatric dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Treatment for Pediatric dermatological conditions

The treatment for Pediatric dermatological conditions depends on the specific condition, severity, and underlying cause. Treatment options may include:

  • Topical medications: Medications applied directly to the skin, such as creams, ointments, or gels.
  • Light therapy: Treatment with ultraviolet light, which can help reduce inflammation and improve certain skin conditions.
  • Allergen avoidance: Avoiding known allergens or irritants that trigger skin reactions.
  • Lifestyle changes: Making lifestyle changes, such as changing diet or hygiene habits, to help manage or prevent skin conditions.
  • Counselling: Counseling or therapy may be recommended for children with skin conditions that affect their emotional or psychological well-being.

It is important to consult with a Pediatric dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment of any skin conditions in children. The earlier the condition is diagnosed and treated, the better the outcome for the child.


In conclusion, with proper care and treatment, many pediatric skin conditions can be effectively managed and treated, allowing children to live happy and healthy lives.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Brookefield. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Is it safe to use over-the-counter skin products on children?

It is important to consult with a pediatric dermatologist before using any over-the-counter skin products on children, as some products may not be safe or effective for children.

2. Are skin conditions in children contagious?

Some skin conditions in children, such as warts and ringworm, can be contagious. It is important to take precautions to prevent the spread of these conditions.

3. Can skin conditions in children affect their emotional well-being?

Yes, skin conditions in children can affect their emotional well-being, particularly if the condition is visible or causes discomfort. Counselling or therapy may be recommended for children with skin conditions that affect their emotional or psychological well-being.

4. Can I prevent my child from developing skin cancer?

While you cannot completely prevent your child from developing skin cancer, you can help reduce their risk by encouraging sun safety practises, such as wearing protective clothing and sunscreen, seeking shade, and avoiding tanning beds. It is also important to teach your child about the dangers of excessive sun exposure and to promote healthy lifestyle habits.

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