Anaesthesia & Pain Management

Anaesthesia and pain management are integral parts of any surgery, almost as much as the surgery itself. In this article, we will look at the requirements of such monitoring, its benefits, and what you must keep in mind during any surgical process to ensure the best results.

Firstly, it is important to know the need for anaesthesia and pain management in association with surgical procedures. Anaesthesia is primarily used as a numbing agent, to ensure minimal pain and discomfort during the surgery. Pain management, on the other hand, is a post-surgical process and is administered if the person undergoing surgery suffers from any pain or discomfort post-surgery. Both are necessary procedures and need to be used depending on your own time and requirements.

Anaesthesia and pain management in surgery

  1. Your doctor needs to prescribe which form of anaesthesia would be required for the specific surgery.
  2. After the surgery, there might be some pain and discomfort felt, depending on the kind of surgery performed and the time required for healing. In such conditions, you might need some guidance about dealing with the pain until it can heal on its own.
  3. Pain management is also prescribed in cases where there is no cure for the pain, and the only help that can be provided is to control it.

Factors in deciding anaesthesia

Anaesthesia is generally of two types. These are local anaesthesia, which serves to numb a certain area to be operated on, or general anaesthesia, which puts you in a controlled sleep so the surgery can be carried out without any complications. Some specific anaesthesia might cause an allergic reaction or other adverse effects on the patient, so any allergy or prior medical condition needs to be tested for and discussed first.

What to keep in mind while opting for anaesthesia and pain management:

It is important to know about your medical history and keep a detailed record of any previous allergies or procedures. It is also helpful to seek medical help in case the pain lasts or gets worse after surgery. In some cases, the pain might also arise from other causes like osteoporosis, joint and muscle pains, and other sources. In such situations, there might be some tests needed to identify the cause, and medicines might be prescribed along with pain management techniques to help reduce the pain.

Importance of anaesthesia and pain management

Proper management of anaesthesia and pain before and after surgery has a lot of impact on the health of the person undergoing the surgery, especially on the risks associated with the procedure and the healing required afterwards. That said, we need to be very careful during the process of administering anaesthesia, and a medical expert specialising in this field needs to be present and actively monitor this process.


The myths about anaesthesia which earlier used to create doubt in the minds of surgical patients have largely been debunked now. This has led to the widespread adaptation of anaesthesia in both minor and major surgical cases. With newer anaesthesia being created, the risks associated with it have become negligible and the benefits have increased. We hope that with this article, you'll be better equipped to seek the help that you need and lead the healthy, happy life that you deserve.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Brookefield. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Can pain management lead to addiction to pain medication?

No. Strict care is taken to ensure that any medication prescribed doesn’t cause addiction, and with time, you have minimal reliance on any prescribed medicines.

2. Is it better to opt for general anaesthesia compared to a local one?

Both general and local anaesthesia work in different ways and affect different parts of the body. Which type of anaesthesia is used thus depends entirely on the extent and nature of the surgery, and as such, the effects of both can’t be compared.

3. Is pain management entirely a medicinal/physiological process?

No. Pain management uses a variety of different techniques, including therapy and psychological conditioning. It also helps in motivating patients towards a fast recovery.

4. Can there be any risks of my allergies interfering with anaesthesia?

Any allergies you have or medications you're currently on should be communicated to your doctor and anaesthesiologist well in advance, so they can decide on the best possible option without any adverse effects.

5. Are there any dietary restrictions to be followed before surgery?

Yes. Depending on the nature of the surgery, your doctor might suggest some dietary restrictions.

6. I have heard of people waking up in the middle of surgery, can that happen?

It is rare for the effects of general anaesthesia to wear off during surgery. You can decide whether you want to stay awake or asleep during the surgery, and your anaesthesiologist will vary the dose accordingly.

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