Pediatric Allergy

Pediatric allergies are common and can cause a range of symptoms, including sneezing, itchy eyes, skin rashes, and difficulty breathing. Allergies can affect a child's daily life, making it difficult for them to attend school or participate in activities. However, with the right management and treatment, it is possible to alleviate these symptoms and improve a child's quality of life.

Common Symptoms of Pediatric Allergies

Pediatric allergies cover a range of symptoms, including:

  • Sneezing and a runny nose
  • Itchy or watery eyes
  • Skin rashes or hives
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Stomach pain and diarrhoea
  • Swelling of the face, lips, or tongue

Causes of Pediatric Allergies

Pediatric allergies can be triggered by many things, including:

  • Pollen and grass
  • Dust mites and mould
  • Pet dander
  • Insect stings and bites
  • Certain foods, such as milk, eggs, and peanuts,

Testing for Pediatric Allergies

If your child is experiencing an allergy symptom, a doctor may recommend an allergy test to determine the cause. There are several types of allergy tests, including skin tests and blood tests. Skin tests involve applying small amounts of potential allergens to the skin to see if there is a reaction, while blood tests measure the levels of specific antibodies in the blood.

Treatment for Paediatric Allergies

There are some common treatment options for pediatric allergies which depend on the severity of the allergy and the child's age.

Avoidance: The first and most important step in treating a paediatric allergy is to avoid the allergen. This might mean removing the allergen from the child's environment, such as removing pets from the home or avoiding certain foods or medications.

Medications: Several medications can be used to treat paediatric allergies, including:

  • Antihistamines: These medications block the effects of histamine, which is released in response to an allergen. They can relieve symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and a runny nose.
  • Nasal corticosteroids: These are medications that are used to reduce inflammation in the nose. They can relieve symptoms such as congestion and a runny nose.
  • Leukotriene modifiers: These medications can help reduce inflammation in the airways and relieve symptoms such as wheezing and coughing.

Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots, is a treatment that involves gradually exposing the child to small amounts of the allergen over time. This can help desensitise the child to the allergen and reduce their symptoms.

Emergency treatment: In cases of severe allergies, such as anaphylaxis, emergency treatment may be necessary. This can include the use of epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, to reduce swelling and improve breathing.

Prevention of Pediatric Allergies

The prevention of paediatric allergies is an important aspect of managing and reducing the incidence of allergic reactions in children. Here are some measures that can be taken to prevent paediatric allergies:

Breastfeeding: Breastfeeding exclusively for at least six months can help prevent the development of allergies in infants.

Delayed introduction of solid foods: The introduction of solid foods should be delayed until an infant is at least six months old, and certain allergenic foods should be avoided until the child is at least one year old.

Allergen avoidance: Parents should identify any allergens that their child is allergic to and take steps to avoid them. For example, if a child is allergic to dust mites, parents should use dust-mite-proof beds, and avoid carpeting and upholstered furniture.

Keep a clean environment: Keeping a clean home environment can help prevent allergic reactions in children. This includes using a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter, regularly washing bedding, and keeping pets off of furniture.

Regular check-ups with a paediatrician: Regular check-ups with a paediatrician can help identify any potential allergies early and provide parents with guidance on how to manage them.

Use of air purifiers and humidifiers: Air purifiers can help remove allergens from the air, while humidifiers can help maintain healthy levels of humidity in the home, reducing the incidence of dry skin and other allergy symptoms.

Proper nutrition: a healthy and balanced diet can help boost the immune system and reduce the risk of allergies in children.

Avoid exposure to cigarette smoke: Exposure to cigarette smoke can increase the risk of allergies in children. Parents should avoid smoking around their children and ensure that their homes and cars are smoke-free.

Avoid contact with other children who are sick. Children who are sick can carry viruses and other allergens that can trigger an allergic reaction in other children. Parents should keep their children away from sick children and make sure that they practise good hygiene to prevent the spread of illness.


Pediatric allergies are a common concern among parents and caregivers, affecting millions of children worldwide. With the right care and support, children with allergies can live happy and healthy lives.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Brookefield. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Is it safe to give allergy medication to children?

Allergy medications can be safe and effective for children when used as directed and under the guidance of a paediatrician. It is important to carefully follow dosage instructions and monitor for any side effects.

2. Can allergies be cured in children?

While there is no cure for allergies, proper management and treatment can help control symptoms and improve the quality of life for children with allergies.

3. Are there any home remedies for paediatric allergies?

While some natural remedies may provide relief for allergy symptoms, it is important to consult a paediatrician before trying any home remedies, as some may not be safe or effective for children.

4. Can food allergies in children be outgrown?

Yes, some children can outgrow their food allergies, particularly those to milk, eggs, soy, and wheat. However, peanut and tree nut allergies are less likely to be outgrown.

5. When should a child with allergies see a paediatric allergist?

A child with allergies should see a pediatric allergist if their symptoms are severe, they are not responding to over-the-counter medications, or they are experiencing frequent allergy symptoms that are interfering with daily activities.

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