Today, most couples, to effectively plan their families, are adopting different methods to prevent pregnancy. An effective device that helps with this is a form of birth control called intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) or an intrauterine device (IUD). This method of contraception acts by preventing the sperm and egg from surviving in the uterus or fallopian tubes or even by preventing a fertilised egg from implanting in the uterus.
Also known as an Intra Uterine Device (IUD), this is a small T-shaped plastic and copper device that is inserted into the uterus and can be left inside for five to ten years depending upon the type. There are different IUDs available, some with more copper than others. Some variations of this device also release hormones that prevent women from ovulating.
A thread is attached at the end of the device, which hangs down through the cervix and into the vagina. It is essential to note, though, that the device should only be inserted and removed by a trained medical practitioner.
Patients often confuse this device with the Intrauterine System (IUS). Instead of releasing the hormone progestogen like the IUS, the IUD releases copper. Copper acts to change the composition of the fluids in the uterus and fallopian tubes so that sperm cannot survive there. IUDs may also stop the fertilised eggs from implanting in the uterus.
IUDs with more copper are more effective than those with less copper. The Intrauterine Device can be put in at any time during the menstrual cycle, as long as the woman is not pregnant. After an Intrauterine Device (IUD) is inserted, the periods may become heavier or longer. This effect may last up to six months, but will settle down. At Apollo Cradle, Intrauterine Device insertion is a procedure that is routinely performed by our experienced Consultants.
An Intrauterine Contraceptive Device offers some benefits to the woman. Some of them include: